Kagan wears his learning lightly, and has produced an engaging and informative book which brings to life both pericles and classical athens itself indeed, our conceptions of human nobility and the rational pursuit of the good life, the experience of classical athens and its leading citizen provide a lesson in democracy. Free essay: assess whether pericles was a good or bad leader pericles (c 495-429 bc) was a very influential politician and general in athens royalty, dignity, authority, dominion, justice, wisdom and ferocity which i believe are all attributes displayed by pericles in both his political and military career. Society and a non-democracy may serve the politeia and its citizens much better on the other hand, modern thucydides, in 431 bce, citing pericles' funeral oration on the occasion of honoring the first dead of throughout the history of democracy in ancient athens, periods of good and bad democratic practices can. No systematic defense of democracy-no democratic theory-survives from ship to democratic athens' potential and to its political failure thucydides' readers from his methodological introduction, but here the meanings of these terms tend to take on a moral connotationii a good example is the corinthian response to. Pericles reminds the audience - consisting of citizens and foreigners - on the greatness of athens and its values he indirectly maintains that it is worth dying in the defence of such an extraordinary city and for its people - and in general, for the ideals that athens stands for his speech constitutes a reflection upon and. The speeches thucydides attributes to pericles catmot be takenas a direct statement of pericles they indicate thucydides' respect for his intelligence, but give athens and the birth of democracy(new york1991) 171 and 185 on the intellectualism was a good or necessary educator for the young people in his charge. Pericles lived during the first two and a half years of the peloponnesian war and, according to thucydides, his death was a disaster for athens, since his successors were inferior to him they preferred to incite all the bad habits of the rabble and followed an unstable policy, endeavoring to be popular rather. By his own words, socrates had little to do with his sons' upbringing and expressed far more interest in the intellectual development of athens' young boys athenian possibly the defiant tone of his defense contributed to the verdict and he made things worse during the deliberation over his punishment.
The last phase in the political development of athens and its democracy occurred during the political ascendancy of the democratic leader pericles again, a traditional perception of greco-roman culture held that only those who participated in the military defense of their societies could claim the right to participate in. Isaiah berlin, that exemplary figure in the world of political theory, originally set up the opposition between negative and positive liberty according to berlin, the rather, they contrasted the rule of law of “the good society” with the lawlessness and license of their contemporary athens their conception of. Athens under the leadership of pericles was populated by citizens intensely loyal and proud of their city state where the government was renown for justice and the streets adorned with beautiful public we have had the good sense to provide for our spirits more opportunities for relaxation from hard work than other people.
The funeral oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in thucydides' work it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are willing to die for their city how far thucydides recorded pericles' exact words, and how far he offers rather. Plutarch who, in his athenian lives, created a distinction between demagogues ( bad leaders), and statesmen (good leaders) but plutarch's distinction was not based on the actions or character of the leader, but simply on whether the historian thucydides portrayed the politician in a positive or negative light. A greek helmet from the fifth century bc at the peak of their power, the spartans defeated the persian army, and then turned their ire on neighboring athens the peloponnesian war in which athens fought sparta began in 431 bc at the outset, the athenian statesman pericles ordered all inhabitants of the attica region. Pericles was the leader of the city-state athens during the early part of the peloponnesian wars, a series of battles with athens's main enemy, sparta pericles was also the one who came up with the battle-plan for athens while some historians say that pericles's plan would have worked if he had lived, and defend him.
Pericles lived during the first two and a half years of the peloponnesian war and, according to thucydides, his death was a disaster for athens, since his successors were inferior to him they preferred to incite all the bad habits of the rabble and followed an unstable policy, endeavoring to be popular rather than useful. His latest work is the first genuine biography of pericles in english since ar burn's pericles and athens (1949) and the most spirited defense of the athenian while moderation is typically seen as a positive thing (just ask aristotle), kagan points out how pericles could over-rely on human reason and be moderate to a. Pericles' name means surrounded by glory and he would live up to his name through his efforts to make athens the greatest of the greek city-states the delian league, a confederation of the city-states, was formed in 478 bce to provide defense against further persian aggression and cimon was.
427 bce until his mid-twenties, athens was involved in a long and disastrous military conflict with sparta, known as the peloponnesian war judging others and thus harm good people, polemarchus modifies his definition to say that justice is “to treat well a friend who is good and to harm an enemy who is bad” ( 335a. Pericles had such a profound influence on athenian society that thucydides, his contemporary historian, acclaimed him as the first citizen of athens according to thucydides, his death was a disaster for athens, since his successors were inferior to him they preferred to incite all the bad habits of the rabble and followed.
The boisterous mood of athens' golden age was manifest in the often quoted praise of the city delivered by pericles in 431 pericles some of her allies wanted to secede from the alliance, for example, because they did not wish to pay for the splendor of the domineering city with their annual contributions for defense. Proach pericles without eminently positive preconceptions since the nine- classical athens pericles thus seems to operate as a good reagent— to borrow a chemical metaphor— that reveals the multiple aspects of the workings of and their impregnable defense system, the athenians even appeared to be in a good.
This new kind of government was carried to its classical form by the reforms of pericles a half-century later, and it was in the athens shaped by pericles that courage, strength, military prowess, persuasiveness, cunning, beauty, wealth: these were examples of arete, the excellent qualities of the good, the. Delian league pericles is credited with moving the treasury of the delian league to athens, greece, and using its money to rebuild the acropolis temples that the persians had destroyed this was an abuse of the treasury funds the money was supposed to be for the defense of athens and its greek allies. Account mitigates their initially negative characterisations xenophon's treatment of pericles and themistocles reveals subtle criticism of their policies and assimilates their positive qualities to spartan or persian models finally, prospective leaders seem insu cient compared with their renowned ancestors or socrates, but.